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ISSN 1748-0221
6:18 - Monday, 27 May 2024
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    JINST Instrumentation Theses Archive

2023 JINST TH 006    

Ph.d. degree
University College London, UK, 2023

Simeon Bash

Supervisor: Jennifer Thomas

The CHIPS Prototype Water Cherenkov Detector


  • Cherenkov detectors
  • Neutrino detectors
  • Photon detectors for UV, visible and IR photons (vacuum) (photomultipliers, HPDs, others)
  • Modular electronics


The CHIPS (Cerenkov detectors In mine PitS) detector was a large-scale water Cherenkov (WC) long baseline neutrino detector located in northern Minnesota. It was located 7 mrad off-axis, 712 km downstream from the NuMI neutrino source at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and with a fiducial detector mass of 5.9 kT. CHIPS was a research and development project aiming to demonstrate a reduction in the cost of construction of a WC neutrino detector to $200k-$300k per kT. CHIPS was constructed and deployed in 2019. The design, construction and deployment procedure of CHIPS are discussed.

CHIPS utilised photomultiplier tubes and pre-existing readout electronics for instrumentation. A new low-cost set of readout electronics and its associated DAQ system was developed as a successor to the existing CHIPS electronics. Its design is presented here.

A muon neutrino beam from an accelerator directed through the Earth produces a continuous flux of muons along the beamline due to the neutrino interactions with the rock. A technique is proposed to monitor the energy profile of such a neutrino beam by measuring the neutrino flux through the Earth using a small portable detector with a magnetic deflector. The study shows that as the off-axis angle changes, information about the kaon content of the parent hadron beam can be inferred using existing detector technologies.

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